Biological Science and Ecology



When biological evolution is understood as a process of natural inclusion, all organic (carbon-based) life on Earth can be appreciated as an embodied water flow within dynamic bodily boundaries. Notions of competition, co-operation, individual and group selection are recognised to be artefacts of predefinition – the assumption that ecosystems, organisms and genes can be abstracted as discrete entities out of their spatial context.


Ecologically, the inhabitant is a dynamic inclusion of the habitat, not an exception from it, as objective rationality presupposes. Local life forms simultaneously emerge from and express the mutual inclusion of receptive space and informative energy. The inhabitant transforms the habitat and vice versa as inseparable but distinguishable aspects of one within the other, nested over all scales from microcosm to macrocosm.