Engineering and Architecture


The way we understand the relationship between space, time, energy and matter has its most obvious practical application in engineering and architecture. Engineers and architects need to produce machines and structures that actually work in the real world. They may therefore be or become all too aware that what looks good in theory may not work out in practice, due to some oversight or unforeseen circumstance. They may learn through experience how to make allowances for unique local situations. They may come to recognise that the more fluid the situation they are working in, the less predictable in the long run will be the outcome of their interventions.


Nonetheless, the understandable tendency to stick with what has seemed successful previously, leads the vast majority of engineers and architects to continue to work in accordance with rationalistic assumptions, unaware of the limitations and inadequacies these assumptions impose on their designs. In particular, short-term expediency may be given precedence over what is truly beneficial and sustainable for life in the long run.