Precursors of Natural Inclusion


So far as we know, there has been no previous explicit recognition of natural inclusion as the mutual inclusion of space and energy in all natural phenomena. Nor has there been any explicit recognition of the implications of such mutual inclusion of continuously receptive and informative presences for understanding how we come to be as we actually are in the world as it actually is. Nor is it necessary to have a great deal of background scientific, mathematical or philosophical knowledge in order to understand the essence of natural inclusion. All that is necessary is the ability to reflect imaginatively on such simple questions as ‘what most fundamentally needs to be present for natural form to be distinguishable from its surroundings?’ See, for example, Alan Rayner’s attempt to explain this in this video The Essence of Natural Inclusionality.

This doesn’t mean, however, that nobody has ever got close to appreciating the meaning and implications of natural inclusion before. Nor does it mean that there is no place for scholarship in exploring the significance of natural inclusion for human understanding. Nor does it mean that nobody has pointed out the need for such understanding in a world blighted by needless psychological, social and environmental harm. 

Many people – indeed many cultural traditions – have got close to expressing this understanding, and many have called for it. What has ultimately prevented their voices from being heard and understood as well as they might have been, has been the prevalence of definitive logic based on the illusion of seperatation.

Giles Hutchins has referred to this in his book, summarizing the history of thought leading to the ‘Threshold’ of natural inclusion as ‘The Illusion of Separation’.

Here, by way of illustration, is a ‘short list’ of just a few such voices calling from distant past to here and now:

Heraclitus, William Blake, Goethe, Yeats, Boehme, Rilke, Emerson, Robert Bly, Wallace Black Elk, Rumi, Theodore Roszak, Coleridge, Parker Palmer, Howard Thurman, Wendell Berry, M. Scott Peck, Lewis Hyde, Marshall McLuhan, C.O. Evans, Edgar A. Poe, MirceaEliade, Jean Houston, Joseph Campbell, Charlene Spretnak, Thomas Berry, Brian Swimme, Robert Graves, Norman O. Brown, Owen Barfield, Walt Whitman, Martin Buber, Meister Eckhart, Eric Havelock, Jesus of Nazareth, Buddha, Thomas Merton, Thoreau, Nelson Mandela, ThichNhatHanh, Vaclav Havel, Hebrew Prophets, Gandhi, Mother Teresea, Martin Luther King, Jr., James Hillman, Lancelot Law Whyte, William Ellery Channing, Robert Romanyshyn, Rupert Sheldrake, Thomas Moore, Robert Sardello, Humberto Maturana, Henri Bergson, Alfred North Whitehead, John Haught, F.W.J. von Schelling, Ervin Laszlo, Henry Nelson Wieman, John Cobb, Jr. David Ray Griffin, Charles Birch, Ilya Prigogine, C.H. Waddington, Ludvig von Bertanlanffy, Paul Tillich, Henri Bortoft, Rudolf Steiner, Gregory Bateson, Ken Wilber, Gershom Zajicek, Peter Reason, Joanna Macy, David Orr, Robert Pirsig, R. Tagore, M.C. Richards, Barbara McClintock, Ruth Nanda Anshen, Matthew Fox, Suzanne K. Langer, F.S.C. Northrop, Dee Hock, Arthur Koestler, Richard Tarnas, Marilyn Ferguson, Douglas Sloan, Elizabeth Sewell…..


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